Đề thi thử đại học năm 2014 trường THPT Lương Thế Vinh, Hà Nội Môn: Toán, Lý, Hóa, Văn, Tiếng Anh - Có đáp án
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SỞ GIÁO DỤC & ĐÀO TẠO
ĐỀ THI THỬ ĐẠI HỌC ĐỢT 1(2013-2014)
Mã đề thi: 132
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions from 1 to 3.
Question 1: A. entrepreneur B. extracurricular C. autobiography D. disciplinary
Question 2: A. elaborately B. flamingo C. embryo D. gazelle
Question 3: A. e-book B. quick-witted C. in-depth D. white-collar
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions from 4 to 5.
Question 4: A. markedly B. cooked C. punished D. laughed
Question 5: A. recollect B. restore C. preface D. predator
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 6: ___________ giraffe is the tallest of all __________animals.
A. A/ ø B. ø/ the C. The/ ø D. A/ the
Question 7: By the year 2050, many people currently employed __________ their jobs.
A. have lost B. will be losing C. will have lost D. are losing
Question 8: He may be shy now, but he will soon come out of his __________ when he meets the right girl.
A. shoe B. shell C. shed D. hole
Question 9: She had just enough time to __________ the report before the meeting.
A. dip into B. get through C. turn round D. go into
Question 10: We’d better phone __________ the restaurant to reserve a table.
A. at B. ø C. to D. for
Question 11: He was a natural singer with a voice that was as clear as_________.
A. a water fall B. a mirror C. a bell D. a lake
Question 12: “What do you do for a living?” – “___________.”
A. I work in a bank B. I get a high salary, you know.
C. I want to be a doctor, I guess D. It’s hard work, you know.
Question 13: Governments shoud __________ international laws against terrorism.
A. bring in B. bring up C. bring about D. bring back
Question 14: The documentary was so __________ that many viewers cried.
A. touchy B. moody C. moved D. touching
Question 15: Joe, remember that I’m __________ you to see that there’s no trouble at the party on Sunday.
A. relying on B. waiting for C. believing in D. depending on
Question 16: Space travel seemed __________ but it has come true now.
A. unthinkable B. unable C. disbelievable D. disagreeable
Question 17: In 1975, the successful space probe to __________ beginning to send information back to earth.
A. Venus it was B. Venus C. Venus was D. Venus the
Question 18: A cooperative program between China and Germany on building Yangzhow, a famous ancient city, into a(n) ________ city has proceeded smoothly since it started in September last year.
A. ecology-friendly B. friendly ecology C. friendly-ecological D. ecological-friendly
Question 19: The city has __________ of young consumers who are sensitive to trends, and can, therefore, help industries predict the potential risks and success of products.
A. a high tendency B. a high rate C. a high proportion D. a great level
Question 20: He left the country __________ arrest if he returned.
A. with fear of B. under threat of C. with threat of D. in fear of
Question 21: With competition from __________ the British coal industry is facing a serious ___________.
A. imports/ crisis B. imports/ crises C. import/ crisis D. import/ crises
Question 22: Students can __________ a lot of information just by attending class and taking good notes of the lectures.
A. provide B. transmit C. read D. absorb
Question 23: Some __________ back workers were working hard in the sunshine.
A. empty B. vacant C. bare D. naked
Question 24: She brought three children up __________.
A. single-handedly B. single-minded C. single-mindedly D. single-handed
Question 25: “Jane is really conscientious, isn’t she?”
“Absolutely. ___________, she is very efficient”
A. What is more B. So C. All the same D. Still
Question 26: “Excuse me. I’m your new neighbor. I just moved in.”
A. Where to, sir? B. Sorry, I don’t know C. Oh, I don’t think so D. I’m afraid not
Question 27: I know you didn’t see me yesterday because I was in Hanoi. You __________ me.
A. may not have seen B. mustn’t have seen
C. shouldn’t have seen D. can’t have seen
Question 28: Simple sails were made from canvas __________ over a frame.
A. was stretched B. a stretch C. it was stretched D. stretched
Question 29: -“I’m going out now.” - “__________ you happen to pass a chemist’s, would you get me some aspirins?”
A. Were B. Had C. Did D. Should
Question 30: “Have you __________ this contract yet?” - “Not yet. I’ll try to read it this weekend.
A. looked up B. looked over C. looked into D. looked out
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to choose the word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 40.
What is meant by the term economic resources? In general, these are all the natural, man-made, and human resources that go into the (31) _________of goods and services. Economic resources can be broken down into (32) _________ general categories: property resource – land and capital, and human resources – labor and entrepreneurial skills.
What do economists mean (33) __________land? Much more than the non-economist, land refers to all the natural resources (34) ________ are usable in the production process: arable land, forests, mineral and oil deposits, and (35)__________ on. What about capital? Capital goods are all the man-made aids to producing, storing, transporting, and distributing goods and (36) __________. Capital goods differ from consumer goods in that (37) __________ satisfy wants directly, while the former do so indirectly by facilitating the production of consumer goods. It should be noted that capital as defined here does not (38) ___________ to money. Money, as such, produces nothing.
The term labor refers to the physical and mental talents of humans used to produce goods and services (with the exception of a certain set of human talents, entrepreneurial skills, which will be considered separately because of their special significance). Thus the services of a factory worker or an office worker, a ballet (39) ___________ or an astronaut all fall (40) __________ the general heading of labor.
Question 31: A. doing B. plant C. using D. production
Question 32: A. some B. many C. two D. six
Question 33: A. with B. calling C. using D. by
Question 34: A. these B. they C. what D. that
Question 35: A. such B. go C. come D. so
Question 36: A. crops B. services C. machines D. money
Question 37: A. the latter B. lately C. the latest D. later
Question 38: A. speak B. refer C. come D. go
Question 39: A. director B. dancer C. performance D. writer
Question 40: A. from B. to C. under D. into
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase closest in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions from 41 to 43.
Question 41: I used to meet him occasionally on Fifth Avenue.
A. in one occasion B. once in a while C. one time D. none is correct
Question 42: Biogas can be utilized for electricity production, cooking, space heating, water heating and process heating.
A. increase B. sparing C. generation D. reformation
Question 43: We spent the entire day looking for a new apartment.
A. the long day B. all long day C. day after day D. all day long
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) opposite in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions from 44 to 45.
Question 44: During the five-decade history the Asian Games have been advancing in all aspects.
A. holding to B. holding back C. holding at D. holding by
Question 45: She decided to remain celibate and devote her life to helping the homeless and orphans.
A. divorced B. married C. single D. separated
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions from 46 to 50.
Question 46: Some of the agricultural practices used today is responsible for fostering desertification.
A. used B. fostering C. is D. practices
Question 47: A 1971 U.S government policy not only put warnings on cigarette packs but also ban television advertising of cigarettes.
A. government B. warnings C. ban D. advertising
Question 48: Snapping turtles are easily recognized because of the large head, the long tail and the shell that seems unsufficiently to protect the body.
A. unsufficiently B. easily C. to protect D. because of
Question 49: In the 1920s, Tulsa had a higher number of millionaire than any other U.S. city.
A. millionaire B. other C. higher D. city
Question 50: Because of its ability to survive close to human habitations, the Virginia deer has actually increased their range and numbers.
A. close to B. its C. has D. their
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the answer to each of the questions from 51 to 60.
Quite different from storm surges are the giant sea waves called tsunamis, which derive their name from the Japanese expression for “high water in a harbor.” These waves are also referred to by the general public as tidal waves, although they have relatively little to do with tides. Scientists often referred to them as seismic sea waves, far more appropriate in that they do result from undersea seismic activity.
Tsunamis are caused when the sea bottom suddenly moves, during an underwater earthquake or volcano for example, and the water above the moving earth is suddenly displaced. This sudden shift of water sets off a series of waves. These waves can travel great distances at speeds close to 700 kilometers per hour. In the open ocean, tsunamis have little noticeable amplitude, often no more than one or two meters. It is when they hit the shallow waters near the coast that they increase in height, possibly up to 40 meters.
Tsunamis often occur in the Pacific because the Pacific is an area of heavy seismic activity. Two areas of the Pacific well accustomed to the threat of tsunamis are Japan and Hawaii. Because the seismic activity that causes tsunamis in Japan often occurs on the ocean bottom quite close to the islands, the tsunamis that hit Japan often come with little warning and can, therefore, prove disastrous. Most of the tsunamis that hit the Hawaiian Islands, however, originate thousands of miles away near the coast of Alaska, so these tsunamis have a much greater distance to travel and the inhabitants of Hawaii generally have time for warning of their imminent arrival.
Tsunamis are certainly not limited to Japan and Hawaii. In 1755, Europe experienced a calamitous tsunami, when movement along the fault lines near the Azores caused a massive tsunami to sweep onto the Portuguese coast and flood the heavily populated area around Lisbon. The greatest tsunami on record occurred on the other side of the world in 1883 when the Krakatoa volcano underwent a massive explosion, sending waves more than 30 meters high onto nearby Indonesian islands; the tsunami from this volcano actually traveled around the world and was witnessed as far away as the English Channel.
Question 51: The paragraph preceding this passage most probably discusses
A. tides B. storm surges
C. tidal waves D. underwater earthquakes
Question 52: According to the passage, all of the following are true about tidal waves EXCEPT that
A. they are caused by sudden changes in high and low tides
B. this terminology is not used by the scientific community
C. they are the same as tsunamis
D. they refer to the same phenomenon as seismic sea waves
Question 53: The word “displaced” in line 7 is closest in meaning to
A. not pleased B. located C. moved D. filtered
Question 54: It can be inferred from the passage that tsunamis
A. are often identified by ships on the ocean
B. generally reach heights greater than 40 meters
C. are far more dangerous on the coast than in the open ocean
D. cause severe damage in the middle of the ocean
Question 55: In line 10, water that is “shallow” is NOT
A. deep B. coastal C. tidal D. clear
Question 56: A main difference between tsunamis in Japan and in Hawaii is that tsunamis in Japan are more likely to
A. come from greater distances B. originate in Alaska
C. arrive without warning D. be less of a problem
Question 57: The possessive “their” in line 18 refers to
A. the Hawaiian Islands B. these tsunamis
C. thousands of miles D. the inhabitants of Hawaii
Question 58: A “calamitous” tsunami, in line 20, is one that is
A. disastrous B. expected C. extremely calm D. at fault
Question 59: From the expression “on record” in line 22, it can be inferred that the tsunami that accompanied the Krakatoa volcano
A. was filmed as it was happening
B. occurred before efficient records were kept
C. was not as strong as the tsunami in Lisbon
D. might not be the greatest tsunami ever
Question 60: The passage suggests that the tsunami resulting from the Krakatoa volcano
A. was unobserved outside of the Indonesian islands
B. resulted in little damage
C. was far more destructive close to the source than far away
D. caused volcanic explosions in the English Channel
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